The fruit is among the healthiest on the planet and it contains a range of beneficial plant compounds, unrivaled by other foods. Two unique substances are responsible for most of its health benefits. One of them punicalagins are extremely potent antioxidants. The other one punicic acid is a type of conjugated linoleic acid with potent biological effects. Punicic acid, the main fatty acid in pomegranate, may help protect against several steps in the heart disease process.
Pomegranate seeds get their vibrant red hue from polyphenols. These chemicals are powerful antioxidants as well. It also has three times more antioxidants than red wine and green tea. They can help remove free radicals, protect cells from damage, and reduce inflammation.
Pomegranate juice may be the new sport performance enhancer. The juice may help reduce soreness and improve recovery. It also decreases oxidative damage caused by exercise which significantly enhances blood flow, delaying the onset of fatigue and increasing exercise efficiency.
Concentrations of antioxidants found in can impact oxidative stress make it a potential fertility aid reducing oxidative stress this improving sperm quality and decreasing fertility in women. The juice has also been shown to help reduce oxidative stress in the placenta. Drinking pomegranate juice can also increase testosterone levels in men and women, one of the main hormones behind sex drive and responsible for anabolic processes in the body.
The fruit may help fight inflammation in the gut and improve digestion, while other potential benefit of anti-inflammatory effect of punicic acid is related in reduction on breast cancer cells. Also the plant compounds in it could help treat arthritis.